Vitamin B12 deficiency is a problem that arises as a result of lower levels of this vitamin, this problem is not so common in America - it is more linked to malnutrition. But it can also be caused by a bad absorption by the body. It is important that we learn to prevent and treat this problem specially if we are changing our lifestyle and eating habits.
The most common way to treat light deficiencies is using over-the-counter vitamin B12 supplements. These supplements can be found in most drugstores in the form of pills and you can buy it without problem.
In the case of a severe deficiency or malabsorption however, other drugs are used, specifically prescribed drugs such as intramuscular B12 injections and medications such as prednisone. The application of injections is something that must be done for life.
A good diet with the proper levels of vitamin B12 is essential in any vitamin B12 deficiency treatment. People who are at higher risk of developing this condition include pregnant women, infants and people with vegan and vegetarian lifestyles.
This vitamin is found in abundance in animal protein, more specifically in meat, fish, putry, eggs and dairy products. The issue with vegan diets is that they don't include this type of food, and vitamin B12 is hardly found in vegetables.
Pregnant/lactating women and infants have increased nutritional needs. It's in these cases that supplementation becomes very important as a way to prevent problems later on. Thankfully, our bodies don't need big quantities of B12.
Diet as part of a vitamin B12 treatment becomes even more important with patients who have problem with the absorption of the vitamin. These people can't depend on supplements alone.
These are the main vitamin B12 deficiency treatments, in this article you have found some general information about what are the best ways to treat and prevent this condition. If you are worried about your specific case, the best is to consult with a proper doctor.